It is important to understand what a power of attorney is, plus the difference between a property and financial Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) and a health and welfare LPA.
A power of attorney is a legal document which enables you to give another person (‘your attorney’) authority to make certain decisions on your behalf. There are different types of power of attorney and you can set up more than one.
An LPA is the most common power of attorney.
It is an important decision. You should therefore, take care whom you appoint as your attorney, as they should be trustworthy and have appropriate skills to make the decisions. You can appoint more than one attorney and you can decide how they act whether together or together and separately. You may also choose to appoint a replacement attorney.
It becomes effective as soon as it is registered with the Office of the Public Guardian.
Yes, at any time as long as you have the mental capacity, you can revoke your LPA.
EPAs were replaced by LPAs in October 2017. If you signed an EPA before 1st October 2017, it will continue to be valid and usable in respect of property and finances only.
If you wish to give an attorney authority over your health and welfare you will need to make a Health and Welfare LPA.
If you should ever lack the capacity to make a financial decision it may be necessary for an application to be made to the Court of Protection. This is both costly and time consuming. The person who applies on your behalf might not be the person who you want to act for you.
If you lack the capacity to make a health or welfare decision, some of these can be made without the need for a court application. This may mean however, that your wishes are not carried out. To avoid this and any potential disputes, you should appoint someone to make these decisions on your behalf by making a health and welfare LPA.
If you would like more information or would like to start the process please contact Niamh Minihane, Senior Associate in the Inheritance Protection team based in our Maidenhead office.